Written by 4:23 pm Lawn Tips

Bermuda Grass Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What causes bermuda grass to turn yellow?

There are numerous factors that play into yellowing of bermuda grass. The two most common causes of bermuda grass turning yellow is due to an iron or nitrogen deficiency. These common issues will likely show up in the entire yard or in large sections. Iron is an essential element in chlorophyll production. Not only does chlorophyll help the plant absorb sunlight, but it also causes its green color. Iron deficiencies typically occur in the spring and are identified by green streaking on a yellow blade. Iron deficiencies can easily be corrected with an application of Ferti-Lome Chelated Liquid Iron.

If the blades of grass are solid yellow, it is suffering from a nitrogen deficiency. To correct this problem, apply a fertilizer with higher nitrogen, or first number (N-P-K). In many situations, iron and nitrogen can be applied together.

Which bermuda grass is best for shade?

Bermuda grass does not grow well in shady areas. Needing at least 6 hours of direct sun, shady spots of a bermuda grass lawns will result in thin spots.

When should I plant bermuda grass?

Bermuda grass is easy to establish and does well starting from seed, sod or plugs. Between 70 degrees and 90 degrees Fahrenheit is optimal growing temperatures for bermuda grass. Therefore, plan to plant bermuda grass during the spring and early summer. During the first week of new sod, water every day. The second week, every other day and the third week on every third day. Once bermuda grass sod has established, water at least 1” per week.

When should I fertilize bermuda grass?

Typically, bermuda grass lawns will need between 2 (sandy soils) to 4 (clay soils) pounds of nitrogen (N) in the summer. For best results, divide this rate by three to spread over the summer. Your type of soils can also affect your nitrogen rates. Potassium (K), or potash, will not be needed until late summer to build up its resiliency to winter and disease stress.
Add potassium in august for winter hardiness and disease resistance. Target Specialty Pro 30-0-5 is our recommendation for a bermuda grass fertilizer.

Also, check out our article: “Know Before You Grow: How to Calculate the Right Amount of Fertilizer” to make sure you don’t mess up with too little or too much fertilizer.

When does bermuda grass go dormant?

Soil temperature determines if bermuda grass stays green or goes dormant in cooler weather. When soil temperature falls, and remains, below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, the grass will go dormant. If in an area where soil temperature is always above this, the grass remains active.

When does bermuda grass come out of dormancy?

As nightly temperatures consistently stay above 50 degrees Fahrenheit, bermuda grass will begin to come out of dormancy.

Where does bermuda grass grow?

Bermuda grass can be found from Virginia to California, and as far north as Missouri and Kentucky. However, bermuda grass is most common in the warmer, southern states.

Where is bermuda grass from?

Native to southeast Africa, bermuda grass was introduced into the U.S. in the 1800s as a southern turf grass and livestock forage.

How to get bermuda grass to grow back?

Proper maintenance of bermuda grass will encourage it to grow back. Follow our fertilizer recommendations of nitrogen (N) in the summer and potassium (K), or potash, in the late summer. Also, ensure that the lawn is getting at least 1“ of water per week.

How to fix bare spots in bermuda grass?

The first step is to rake away any dead grass, or thatch. If the grass is only thin, or the bare spots are relatively small, we recommend filling in with sand. Bermuda grass stolons will grow over sand faster than bare soil. If looking to repair large bare spots, remove the dead thatch an and fill in in spots with pieces of sod or plugs.

Is bermuda grass okay for dogs?

Dog urine can burn, or cause bermuda grass to turn brown. Encourage dogs to go away from the grass, or water areas after a dog has gone.

Is bermuda grass shade tolerant?

Bermuda grass is not considered very shade tolerant and prefers open, to full sun. Bermuda grass lawns should get at least 6 hours of full sun.

Is bermuda grass drought tolerant?

This grass species is one of the more drought tolerant warm season grasses, however for optimal growth needs 1” of water throughout the week. Drought stress in bermuda grass lawns will cause the blades to appear dry-crispy and not quickly rebound when walked on

Why does bermuda grass turn brown?

Bermuda grass will turn brown as it goes dormant during colder months. Dog urine can also cause the grass to turn brown. Lastly, dead bermuda grass will turn brown and crispy as it dries out in hot temperatures.

Will bermuda grass choke out weeds?

A properly maintained bermuda grass yard forms a dense layer of turf that is extremely effective in preventing and choking out weeds. Follow our guide to maximize your bermuda grass lawn’s potential.

Will bermuda grass grow in sand?

Bermuda grass will grow in sandy soils, however will not grow in pure sand.

Will bermuda grass spread?

When properly maintained, bermuda grass can be very aggressive and spread quickly. This is mainly due to runners, or stolons, that spread the grass above the soil. Follow our guide to maximize your bermuda grass lawn’s potential.

What kind of bermuda grass do I have?

Bermuda grass varieties can be difficult to identify between each other. If looking to match varieties when filling in large spots with sod, we recommend talking with local dealers or nurseries on the types they sell. More than likely the original grass in your lawn came from a local grower.

Can bermuda grass be overwatered?

Established bermuda grass lawns need around 1” of water spread out over a week. Overwatering your bermuda grass lawn can be problematic and open it up for fungus, disease or insect outbreaks.

Can bermuda grass grow in full sun?

Bermuda grass grows very well in at least 6 hours of full sun. Full sun, combined with adequate irrigation, will maximize your lawns potential.

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