Centipede grass is a popular choice for lawns due to its ability to thrive in high temperatures and low maintenance requirements. Centipede is characterized by its tight growth pattern and affinity for well-drained or sandy soil. Also, is presents a lush, light green color. Centipede grass was first introduced to the United States from Asia in the early 1900s. The grass isn't ideal for everyone, however, as it cannot stand a lot of shade and does not tolerate a lot of foot traffic.
Centipede Grass - Pros
- Aggressively outcompetes weeds
- Doesn't require cutting as frequent as other grasses
- Thrives in full sun
A major advantages of centipede is it's need to receive six to seven hours of full sun. Centipede tolerates limited shade but prefers large quantities of light and heat. Centipede grass grows slowly but aggressively. This results in a tight carpet-like pattern which produces a full, lush lawn that can be cared for relatively easily. Also, the thick growing grass leaves little room or resources for weeds to take root. Another advantage of centipede grass it that it does not require frequent cutting as the grass blades grow slower and closer to the ground.
Centipede Grass - Cons
- Does not tolerate high traffic
- Requires frequent watering
- Does not tolerate shade
- Does not tolerate standing water
Centipede grass is not an ideal grass for high traffic areas. This is due to the slow-growing nature of the species. Bare spots will often form along with areas of high use. Fill holes and bare spots with sand to encourage grass runners to fill in these areas. The species also needs a constant and ample water supply.
While this type of grass enjoys heat and sunlight, it requires 1.00 to 1.25 inches of water per week. It requires more in sandy or loose soils. Without sufficient water, centipede’s bright green color will fade. This will place the grass in a dormant state, which stunts growth. Additionally, centipede grass will not thrive in cold weather and can be permanently damaged in temperatures under 20 degrees.
Even if temperatures never dip to 20 degrees, extended cold temperatures can cause damage. When temperatures stay under 28 degrees for a long period of time, it can cause the grass to enter into a dormant status that can stunt future growth.
Another thing that centipede grass doesn't like is extended periods of shade. It is not to be planted in areas that are shaded or do not receive ample sunlight.
Centipede grass will suffer from fungal growth if the soil does not properly drain properly. Proper drainage is an important element in maintaining a beautiful yard with Centipede grass.
Fertilizing Your Centipede Lawn
In general, centipede does not require much fertilization. In fact, it is not a very needy grass at all. Proper, routine fertilization, however, can take your centipede lawn to the next level.
You should almost always use a 15-0-15 fertilizer on centipede lawns. This means the fertilizer will contain 15% Nitrogen, 0% Phosphorus, and 15% Potassium.
👉 Read more about Centipede Grass Fertilizer.
January – April
Use a pre-emergent herbicide between February or March to control unwanted weeds. A second application of the same pre-emergent product is suggested between two to three months after the initial application. This will guarantee ample application during the dormant season.
Search your lawn for insect damage, specifically white grubs. If any insect damage is located, apply an insecticide at this time to prevent any further infestations in the upcoming warmer months.
May – August
Monitor pH levels of your yard during the summer. Centipede grass thrives in soil with a pH of five to six. If your lawn falls outside of this range, consider adding lime or sulfur to your yard to achieve the desired level. Please note that changing the pH level of an area may require a few years of element application; it is not an overnight process.
Apply a nitrogen-based fertilizer in the early summer to prepare your lawn for the growing season.
Fertilize established centipede grass with nitrogen-based fertilizers, not phosphorus. Apply a 15-0-15 fertilizer mix later in the summer. If your lawn begins to exhibit a yellow or brownish color in spring, it may have an iron deficiency and will need to be treated with a liquid iron product, or a pelletized iron product. Always follow the manufacturer’s suggested rate of application when applying supplements to your lawn.
A selective herbicide can be applied if various broadleaf weeds begin to grow throughout the season.
Centipede grass is sensitive to 2-4D herbicide, so use caution when applying any product that contains this chemical. If you have other grasses in your yard, sethoxydim is safe to apply to control certain grasses.
September – December
Fertilizer does not need to be applied prior to the winter months. Add lime or sulfur if you are attempting to correct the PH balance of your soil.
Potash can be applied to centipede grass if the area is expecting to get colder than normal winter. A post-emergent herbicide can be applied to control weeds prior to the low growth season and can be accompanied by a broad-spectrum pesticide to eliminate any pests in their early development stages.
Common Weeds Found in Centipede Lawns
Some of the most common weeds found in southern centipede lawns are:
- Virginia Buttonweed
- Old Diamond Flower
- Common Lespedeza
Check out our article on how to identify common centipede grass weeds. Also, check out our article on the best herbicide for centipede grass.
Types of Centipede
Centipede grass has gotten better since its first introduction to United States. The most popular species of the grass is TifBlair. Developed by the University of Georgia, it was specifically designed to better handle the common stresses of southern lawn. Older and less common strains are Oklawn and AU Centennial Centipede Grass.
Seeding a Centipede Lawn
You can cost-effectively establish a brand-new Centipede lawn by spreading and germinating Centipede seeds. Establishing a lawn from seed does require a bit of work, however, as you need to prepare the ground, plant the seed, and keep it moist for a number of weeks.